For information on Ubuntu mirroring, see Mirrors
To build a mirror with debmirror follow these steps
This is not covering all use cases but it will allow you experiment. To do this safely 8.2 gigs of space are needed to mirror main source and binaries. This number grows a lot as time progresses.
If you want to download all the apt binaries for all boxes onto one box on a network then maybe apt-cache or a transparent proxy (eg http-replicator is all you need.
Another method is to use rsync. The Rsyncmirror page goes into greater detail on this method. Rsync can create a full mirror of a site and selects files indiscriminately. Debmirror, however, does allow for better control over which packages are mirrored and can be easier on the amount of hard drive space required.
Start The Mirror Build Process
Open gnome-terminal by clicking Applications -> Accessories -> Terminal.
If your sources list has universe enabled, skip the next step.
Open your sources list (sudo sensible-editor /etc/apt/sources.list), and add the following line
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty universe
Then save and return to a prompt.
In the example above, cc is your country's code (e.g., au means Australia), and trusty is replaced with the release you are using.
Update the package lists and then install debmirror:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install debmirror
Now we have to create a directory to save the files to. The approximate size of the components of the mirror (i386 only) are: # Changes over time.
main, restricted, universe, multiverse
main, restricted, universe, multiverse
main, restricted, universe, multiverse trusty-updates 32bit
Please ensure where ever you make the mirror has room for the packages you want to download!
(If you are more advanced you can make different parts of the mirror on different volumes, but that is not something for this howto).
We will make our mirror on /home/ with
sudo mkdir /home/UbuntuMirror
Create the file `mirrorbuild.sh`
Now to create mirrorbuild.sh
Open your prefered editor thus
sudo sensible-editor /usr/local/bin/mirrorbuild.sh
Copy the text from the box below into the editor.
You may omit the lines starting with # (EXCEPTION: the line that starts #!/bin/bash must be left in.)
Contents of the mirror script, please adapt it to your needs
#### Start script to automate building of Ubuntu mirror ##### ## THE NEXT LINE IS NEEDED THE REST OF THE LINES STARTING WITH A # CAN BE DELETED #!/bin/bash ## Setting variables with explanations. # # Don't touch the user's keyring, have our own instead # export GNUPGHOME=/home/mirrorkeyring # Arch= -a # Architecture. For Ubuntu can be i386, powerpc or amd64. # sparc, only starts in dapper, it is only the later models of sparc. # arch=i386,amd64 # Minimum Ubuntu system requires main, restricted # Section= -s # Section (One of the following - main/restricted/universe/multiverse). # You can add extra file with $Section/debian-installer. ex: main/debian-installer,universe/debian-installer,multiverse/debian-installer,restricted/debian-installer # section=main,restricted,universe,multiverse # Release= -d # Release of the system (...Hardy, Intrepid... Lucid, Precise, Quantal, Saucy, Trusty ), and the -updates and -security ( -backports can be added if desired) # List of updated releases in: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Releases # release=trusty,trusty-security,trusty-updates # Server= -h # Server name, minus the protocol and the path at the end # CHANGE "*" to equal the mirror you want to create your mirror from. au. in Australia ca. in Canada. # This can be found in your own /etc/apt/sources.list file, assuming you have Ubuntu installed. # server=archive.ubuntu.com # Dir= -r # Path from the main server, so http://my.web.server/$dir, Server dependant # inPath=/ubuntu # Proto= --method= # Protocol to use for transfer (http, ftp, hftp, rsync) # Choose one - http is most usual the service, and the service must be avaialbe on the server you point at. # proto=http # Outpath= # Directory to store the mirror in # Make this a full path to where you want to mirror the material. # outPath=/home/UbuntuMirror # The --nosource option only downloads debs and not deb-src's # The --progress option shows files as they are downloaded # --source \ in the place of --no-source \ if you want sources also. # --nocleanup Do not clean up the local mirror after mirroring is complete. Use this option to keep older repository # Start script # debmirror -a $arch \ --no-source \ -s $section \ -h $server \ -d $release \ -r $inPath \ --progress \ --method=$proto \ $outPath #### End script to automate building of Ubuntu mirror ####
How to use the file
- Save the file and exit. Give it execute permissions
sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/mirrorbuild.sh
- Now change the permissions and ownership on the mirror. The group name is your username:
sudo chown -R root:username /home/UbuntuMirror sudo chmod -R 571 /home/UbuntuMirror
- Set up your keyring to correctly verify Release signatures
for a mirror host running feisty:
sudo mkdir /home/mirrorkeyring gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring /home/mirrorkeyring/pubring.gpg --import /usr/share/keyrings/ubuntu-archive-keyring.gpg
for a mirror host running gutsy:
sudo mkdir /home/mirrorkeyring gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring /home/mirrorkeyring/trustedkeys.gpg --import /usr/share/keyrings/ubuntu-archive-keyring.gpg
- And the final part of setting up the mirror is to download the files:
Now walk away. Your machine has a lot of downloading to do! Seriously... it'll take hours.
Set up the mirror
We need to install Apache2. You could choose Apache version 1.3 but that is beyond the scope of this document.
We can do this with sudo apt-get install apache2
Then (for simplicity sake) lets make a link from /home/UbuntuMirror to /var/www/ubuntu.
ln -s /home/UbuntuMirror /var/www/ubuntu
This means when you go to download from your mirror, you will visit http://mirrorbox/ubuntu/.
Right! So we have all the packages, and a working server. Now we need to set up the clients.
Add a cronjob to keep the mirror updated
If you want to keep your mirror fresh, you will want to stick your mirror script in cron. To edit root's crontab, do:
sudo crontab -e
And now add the following line:
2 */12 * * * /usr/local/bin/mirrorbuild.sh
Which will run two minutes after the hour every twelve hours. MAKE SURE that there is a blank line after the line you added, otherwise it will never run. If you want to be paranoid, restart cron:
sudo /etc/init.d/cron restart
Set up a client system
Open a terminal and enter
cd /etc/apt sudo mv sources.list sources.list.orig sudo sensible-editor sources.list
Now in your editor, put the following lines:
# Local network mirror sources. deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu trusty main restricted universe multiverse deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse
Temporarly I have removed it: deb http://mirrorbox/ubuntu trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse because it didn't work in trusty test.
Then save and exit
If you then run
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
you should be updating from your new server!