Send email alerts using ssmtp
Here’s how to setup sending emails through command line. A common application could be to send an alert message through user created script.
- Ubuntu Server/Desktop
- Gmail account
Update Ubuntu Repository
sudo apt-get update
Install the ssmtp package
sudo apt-get install ssmtp
Edit the configuration file. The lines without the # are the ones we are interested in.
sudo nano /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf
Adjust and add as necessary to match the following parameters
Change "MyEmailAddress" and "MyPassword" to your own.
# Config file for sSMTP sendmail # # The person who gets all mail for userids < 1000 # Make this empty to disable rewriting. #root=postmaster root=MyEmailAddress@gmail.com # The place where the mail goes. The actual machine name is required no # MX records are consulted. Commonly mailhosts are named mail.domain.com #mailhub=mail mailhub=smtp.gmail.com:587 AuthUser=MyEmailAddress@gmail.com AuthPass=MyPassword UseTLS=YES UseSTARTTLS=YES # Where will the mail seem to come from? #rewriteDomain= rewriteDomain=gmail.com # The full hostname #hostname=MyMediaServer.home hostname=MyMediaServer.home # Are users allowed to set their own From: address? # YES - Allow the user to specify their own From: address # NO - Use the system generated From: address FromLineOverride=YES
Create aliases for local usernames (optional)
edit the /etc/ssmtp/revaliases file
sudo nano /etc/ssmtp/revaliases
And add into it the desired translation which in our Gmail examples case will be
From now on, the machine will Email when requested through command line or script.
Lets test that our ssmtp setup was correct by sending an Email
echo "Test message from Linux server using ssmtp" | sudo ssmtp -vvv email@example.com
The “-vvv” turns on verbosity output.
Unfortunately a few thing can go wrong.
Check username and password again
- Check google is not blocking your new device