This HOWTO describes one way to do a Netboot install of Ubuntu by booting from files on a hard disk. This installation method does not require burning a CD (or using any other external media, like a USB key), and it does not require you to configure a server on your LAN for PXE booting.

You need to have grub or grub2 already installed and bootable in order to use this method. It is therefore suitable for installing Ubuntu over an existing GNU/Linux installation.


If the computer you are installing on does not have network connectivity during installation, consider using the Installation/FromLinux method, which involves retrieving packages from an ISO instead of from the Internet at installation time.


If the computer you wish to boot is not the same as the one you have grub installed on, then make a disk have a single megabyte free space (for the boot loader) followed by a small partition (to store the appropriate ramdisk image and kernel on). Mount this disk in the computer with grub, then (at least for older hardware and) do

 sudo apt-get install grub-pc-bin  

and then; use

 grub-install --target=grub-pc --boot-directory=/mnt/diskname/boot/ /dev/sdX  

to get it onto the disk you created.

1. Download the appropriate initrd.gz and linux files for your architecture and distribution from

2. Or from in case you're looking for the development version.

Save them somewhere that grub can read from. Inside /boot is a fine place. (These files are quite small, under 10MB for either architecture.)

3. Reboot your computer and press ESC if necessary to enter the grub menu (press Shift if you use grub2). Now we will get grub to boot from the files you just downloaded.

Press c to get a grub command prompt. Type each of the following lines:

  1. root=(hd0,1)

    Replace the root partition with the drive and partition on which your /boot is located. You can look at and copy the root line of any existing boot menu entry if you are at all unsure what this is, or you can try tab-completing after root ( or root (hd0,.

  2. In Grub2, the default for Ubuntu 10.04 LTS and onwards
    linux /boot/path/to/linux

    Or in older versions of Ubuntu or where you have replaced it with Grub 0.97 (or there-abouts)

    kernel /boot/path/to/linux
  3. initrd /boot/path/to/initrd.gz

    Replace these paths with the actual paths where you saved the files. If you saved them directly in /boot, the paths will be simply kernel /boot/linux and initrd /boot/initrd.gz.

  4. boot
    Your system should now boot into the Ubuntu installer. Follow the instructions from there.

Installation/NetbootInstallFromInternet (last edited 2015-06-02 19:21:08 by garbage-collector-)