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While quite old, this content may still be useful while MySQL is still at version 5.

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Tested in Breezy. Mysql5.0 is already in Dapper. It is in main. It is installed when you install the default LAMP stack in Dapper.


You must download MYSQL5 (of course ;)

wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.0/mysql-5.0.16.tar.gz/from/http://mysql.localhost.net.ar/
tar xzvf mysql-5.0.16.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.0.16/

You must install packages :

sudo apt-get install build-essential

You need development libraries

... but I'm not sure about which ones.

sudo apt-get install libncurses5 libncurses5-dev

...or you won't be able to compile on a server install

You need to create the user and group

sudo groupadd mysql
sudo useradd -g mysql mysql

Compilation optimisation

You can speed up Mysql with processor optimisation

If you have a different processor, change the CHOST, CFLAGS, CXXFLAGS.

If you don't know what it is, Take the Generic one!

IconsPage/warning.png The configuration for specific processors were not tested. If it compiles you're fine. If it doesn't try the generic one. Use only one of the following three

  • Athlon-tbird XP (AMD)

export CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
export CFLAGS="-march=athlon-xp -O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer -msse -mmmx  -mfpmath=sse"
export CXXFLAGS="-march=athlon-xp -O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer -msse -mmmx  -mfpmath=sse -felide-constructors -fno-exceptions -fno-rtti"
export CXX=gcc 
  • Pentium 4 (Intel)

export CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
export CFLAGS="-march=pentium4 -mcpu=pentium4 -O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer -msse -mmmx  -mfpmath=sse"
export CXXFLAGS="-march=pentium4 -mcpu=pentium4 -O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer -msse -mmmx  -mfpmath=sse -felide-constructors -fno-exceptions -fno-rtti"
export CXX=gcc 
  • Generic

export CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
export CFLAGS="-mcpu=i686 -march=i686 -O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer"
export CXX=gcc 

-fomit-frame-pointer should be omitted if you intend to debug. Otherwise leave it as it make mysql faster.


This is a full configuration.

Do it in the MYSQL5 folder.

You can add/delete some of the options if you don't need it. This is intended to be a default mysql5 installation, again I'm not sure about this.

./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/mysql \
--with-mysqld-user=mysql \
--without-debug \
--with-client-ldflags=-all-static \
--with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static \
--disable-shared \
--localstatedir=/usr/local/mysql/data \
--with-extra-charsets=none \
--enable-assembler \

sudo make install

This will install mysql in /usr/local/mysql and data in /usr/local/mysql/data.


Now create the conf based in any of the pre-build confs. For small servers I recommend my-medium.cnf

sudo cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

You should edit this file for your needs.

Create GRANT tables

You must create the GRANT tables, and there is a very easy way to do so.

sudo /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql

(In later versions this script has been moved out of bin to /usr/local/mysql/scripts)

Changing Owners

sudo chown -R root  /usr/local/mysql
sudo chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/var
sudo chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/mysql


Start the server

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe -user=mysql&

Set a root password for MySQL (does not affect system root's password)

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password new_password

Try to log in!


You should add /usr/local/mysql/bin to your path so you can always use mysql, mysqldump, mysqladmin and some others right from the shell.

Starting Mysql at boot time

sudo cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysql
sudo update-rc.d mysql defaults

When you restart mysql should be up if everything went ok.

MySQL Tools

  • MySQL Administrator. MySQL Administrator is a powerful visual administration tool that makes it easy to administer and monitor your MySQL environment and gain significantly better visibility into how your databases are operating. More information at http://www.mysql.com/products/tools/administrator/ . To use install:

  • phpmyadmin. A tool written in PHP intended to handle the administration of MySQL over the Web. Currently it can create and drop databases, create/drop/alter tables, delete/edit/add fields, execute any SQL statement, manage keys on fields, manage privileges,export data into various formats and is available in 50 languages. More information at http://www.phpmyadmin.net . To use install:


MYSQL5FromSource (last edited 2017-09-04 22:31:04 by ckimes)