Please do not make any edits to this article. Its contents are currently under review and being merged with the Ubuntu Server Guide. To find the Ubuntu Server Guide related to your specific version, please go to:

While quite old, this content may still be useful while MySQL is still at version 5.

Please discuss in this thread on Ubuntu forums.

Tested in Breezy. Mysql5.0 is already in Dapper. It is in main. It is installed when you install the default LAMP stack in Dapper.


You must download MYSQL5 (of course ;)

tar xzvf mysql-5.0.16.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.0.16/

You must install packages :

sudo apt-get install build-essential

You need development libraries

... but I'm not sure about which ones.

sudo apt-get install libncurses5 libncurses5-dev

...or you won't be able to compile on a server install

You need to create the user and group

sudo groupadd mysql
sudo useradd -g mysql mysql

Compilation optimisation

You can speed up Mysql with processor optimisation

If you have a different processor, change the CHOST, CFLAGS, CXXFLAGS.

If you don't know what it is, Take the Generic one!

IconsPage/warning.png The configuration for specific processors were not tested. If it compiles you're fine. If it doesn't try the generic one. Use only one of the following three

  • Athlon-tbird XP (AMD)

export CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
export CFLAGS="-march=athlon-xp -O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer -msse -mmmx  -mfpmath=sse"
export CXXFLAGS="-march=athlon-xp -O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer -msse -mmmx  -mfpmath=sse -felide-constructors -fno-exceptions -fno-rtti"
export CXX=gcc 
  • Pentium 4 (Intel)

export CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
export CFLAGS="-march=pentium4 -mcpu=pentium4 -O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer -msse -mmmx  -mfpmath=sse"
export CXXFLAGS="-march=pentium4 -mcpu=pentium4 -O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer -msse -mmmx  -mfpmath=sse -felide-constructors -fno-exceptions -fno-rtti"
export CXX=gcc 
  • Generic

export CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
export CFLAGS="-mcpu=i686 -march=i686 -O3 -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer"
export CXX=gcc 

-fomit-frame-pointer should be omitted if you intend to debug. Otherwise leave it as it make mysql faster.


This is a full configuration.

Do it in the MYSQL5 folder.

You can add/delete some of the options if you don't need it. This is intended to be a default mysql5 installation, again I'm not sure about this.

./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/mysql \
--with-mysqld-user=mysql \
--without-debug \
--with-client-ldflags=-all-static \
--with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static \
--disable-shared \
--localstatedir=/usr/local/mysql/data \
--with-extra-charsets=none \
--enable-assembler \

sudo make install

This will install mysql in /usr/local/mysql and data in /usr/local/mysql/data.


Now create the conf based in any of the pre-build confs. For small servers I recommend my-medium.cnf

sudo cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

You should edit this file for your needs.

Create GRANT tables

You must create the GRANT tables, and there is a very easy way to do so.

sudo /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql

(In later versions this script has been moved out of bin to /usr/local/mysql/scripts)

Changing Owners

sudo chown -R root  /usr/local/mysql
sudo chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/var
sudo chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/mysql


Start the server

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe -user=mysql&

Set a root password for MySQL (does not affect system root's password)

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password new_password

Try to log in!


You should add /usr/local/mysql/bin to your path so you can always use mysql, mysqldump, mysqladmin and some others right from the shell.

Starting Mysql at boot time

sudo cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysql
sudo update-rc.d mysql defaults

When you restart mysql should be up if everything went ok.

MySQL Tools

  • MySQL Administrator. MySQL Administrator is a powerful visual administration tool that makes it easy to administer and monitor your MySQL environment and gain significantly better visibility into how your databases are operating. More information at . To use install:

  • phpmyadmin. A tool written in PHP intended to handle the administration of MySQL over the Web. Currently it can create and drop databases, create/drop/alter tables, delete/edit/add fields, execute any SQL statement, manage keys on fields, manage privileges,export data into various formats and is available in 50 languages. More information at . To use install:


MYSQL5FromSource (last edited 2013-12-13 23:28:35 by knome)