What is Mondo Rescue?

From the website (http://www.mondorescue.org) How To:

Mondo Rescue is a Disaster Recovery Solution which allows you to effortlessly backup and interactively restore Linux, Windows and other supported filesystem partitions to/from CD-R/RW media, tape, NFS, ... and Mindi Linux provides the bootable emergency restore CD/floppy set which Mondo uses at boot-time.

For Oneiric Ocelot (11.10) and Precise Pangolin (12.04 LTS)

Please open a Terminal and copy-paste the following commands one by one into the Terminal to install mondo (press <ENTER> after each line):

wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/ubuntu/`lsb_release -r|awk '{print $2}'`/mondorescue.sources.list

You will need to use 11.10 in the wget command instead of lsb_release -r|awk '{print $2}', if you are using Ubuntu 12.04 beta, because the directory 12.04 does not exist YET (as of April 12, 2012).

sudo sh -c "cat mondorescue.sources.list >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install mondo

Now Mondo Archive v3.0.1-r2957 is installed, including the required dependencies(afio buffer lzop mindi mindi-busybox ntfsprogs)

Then you can run mondo using the following commands:

sudo mondoarchive


sudo mondorestore

For Jaunty (9.04)

The versioning changed and now the Ubuntu archives carry an epoch number, e.g. 1:2.2.7-2.1 If both Ubuntu and the upstream repositories are activated, the Ubuntu versions will be preferred.

For Hardy and Intrepid

Mondo has had a bit of a rough road on Ubuntu lately. The version in the repositories does not handle UUID mounts in the fstab correctly, as well as other issues. In addition, the versions are confusing, as Ubuntu is providing 2.24 which is actually 2.2.4 as far as the developer is concerned. If you are using Hardy or newer, install from the official website rather than the repositories. See http://trac.mondorescue.org/wiki/FAQ and scroll down to FAQ Q11. Make sure you remove the versions from the repositories before you install from the website. You also may have to use the -S /tmp and -T /tmp command line switches to get it to work depending on your version. 2.2.5 and 2.2.6 definitely require it. It may be fixed in 2.2.8 or later. If you are receiving 'out of disk space' errors for no obvious reason, then go ahead and use those switches - it won't hurt if they aren't required. With all that in mind, mondo works great on Hardy once you follow those steps!

Edgy, Feisty, Gutsy

Unknown - you could contribute your experiences here Smile :-) If it doesn't work, feel free to install from the Mondo website - the newer versions should work fine.

For Dapper

As far as I know, Mondo and Mindi on dapper drake is a good working solution. Install from the repositories and use it.

For Breezy

This document contains a step-by-step procedure and a script for setting up mondo/mindi backup and recovery on an Ubuntu Breezy box.

Description of this solution

The mondo/mindi configuration described herein comes courtesy of Nick Wheeler, who uses a similar procedure to backup servers at work. I'm going to first describe the roll your own solution, building everything from source, and then hopefully Nick will help me refine and simplify the process so that x86 Ubuntu Breezy boxes can be setup with a single install script (see below:).

The "Roll Your Own" Solution


Make sure you have the following packages installed:

  1. gcc
  2. make
  3. libnewt-dev
  4. buffer
  5. gawk
  6. syslinuxThe Microsoft command "sys.exe"
  7. afio
  8. cdrecord
  9. mkisofs

If you intend to back up unconventional partition types additional tools will be needed. In the script below these optional tools are ignored. However, These include:

  1. mtools
  2. ms-sys
  3. Other closed file system emulator/drivers


  1. This method (and script) has been tested and will operate in a Dapper or a Breezy environment.
  2. This method (and script) has not been tested in a Hoary environment
  3. This method (and script) will not function in a Warty environment

testing performed March 2006 in the flint linux candy lab, Montpelier, Vermont

Installation Procedure

  1. sudo su -
  2. mkdir /usr/local/mondoiso
  3. cd /usr/local/src
  4. download each of the following (note: there may be newer versions of each of these by the time you read this, but I plan only to test this procedure every 6 months - with each Ubuntu release - and to put a version know to work in a safe place):
  5. Now uncompress the archives:
    • tar -xvjf mondo-2.06-r266.tar.bz2
    • tar -xvjf mindi-1.06-r266.tar.bz2
    • tar -xvzf mindi-kernel-1.0.tgz
  6. Build and install the pieces:
    • cd mondo-2.06
    • ./configure
    • make
    • make install
    • cd ../mindi-1.06 (note: CHANGES and chown warnings may be safely ignored)
    • ./install.sh
    • cd ../mindi-kernel-1.0
    • ./install.sh
    • mv /usr/local/share/mindi/* /usr/local/lib/mindi
  7. Create the mondobackup script:
    • cd /usr/local/bin/
    • put the following in a file named mondobackup:

           mondoarchive -Oi -d /usr/local/mondoiso -9 -F -E "/usr/local/mondoiso /usr/local/mondo" -k FAILSAFE
           # -Oi tells mondo to back up the system, and to back it up to ISO files.
           # -d is the destination for the ISO files to be put
           # -9 is the compression level
           # -F tells mondo not to offer to write boot+data floppy disk images.
           # -E is the exclusion directory, anything listed in that is excluded.
           # -k FAILSAFE tells mondo to use the FAILSAFE kernel, because your kernel has cramfs in it.
  8. chmod +x mondobackup

Using Mondo/Mindi

You now have mondo/mindi installed on your system. To make cdimages which can be used to backup and restore your system on the same or another machine do the following:

  1. as root run mondobackup.

That's it! mondobackup will call mondo and mindi to make iso images of your system in /usr/local/mondoiso. Burn each image onto a cd, then boot the target machine from the first cd to begin the restoration process.

Note: If you happen to use SCSI, and the failsafe kernel doesn't work for you, download and install kernel-image-, but make sure to edit your grub/lilo so it doesn't use this kernel as your default kernel (unless you want to). Then you have to reboot into the kernel and then you can perform your backup, but remove the -k FAILSAFE switch from /usr/local/bin/mondobackup. This is messy and silly, there will be a better/universal way in the very near future.

Mondo Mindi Wheeler Script

by Paul Flint

This script actually works. Download the script from https://docbox.flint.com/bazaar/MondoMindi/mm.sh, next chmod +X it, become root, and tourch it off. It appears that Version 0.5 is worth testing with.


MondoMindi (last edited 2012-04-12 08:11:10 by markrijckenberg)