Firefox is the default web browser in Ubuntu. It is a lightweight web browser based on Mozilla and offers the following features:
- Tabbed Browsing - open multiple pages within the same window
- Pop-Up Blocking - blocks pop-up advertising windows
Search Bar - perform searches on a large number of sites without extra software
- Standards Support - strongly adheres to web standards
- Look-and-Feel Customisation - supports themes and addons
See also: Firefox Related Pages
Some of the following programs may exist in the universe and multiverse repositories - see AddingRepositoriesHowto for instructions on enabling the universe and multiverse repositories.
Chrome is Google's web browser that is meant to be simple, extensible and fast. It features skins that fit Ubuntu's GNOME interface nicely with Lucid Lynx. As well, you can use extensions like in Firefox.
Please be advised if you have a bug in Chrome, because it is not provided by a supported Ubuntu repository, the Ubuntu project is unable to provide support or a fix. If you want support you may want to use chromium-browser.
Chromium is the open-source version of Chrome. Chromium is available from the Universe repository, package name "chromium-browser" (NOT "chromium"). To install it, open the Terminal and enter sudo apt-get install chromium-browser.
Dillo is a lightweight and fast Internet browser. It does not have as many features as some of the other browsers listed here but it is well-suited for older computers that do not have enough speed or memory to run a full-featured browser.
A simple yet powerful web browser developed by the GNOME community. Its principles are simplicity and standards compliance. Simplicity is achieved by a well designed user interface which closely integrates with the GNOME desktop. Standards compliance is achieved on the HTML side by using the WebKit rendering engine; and on the user interface side by closely following the GNOME Human Interface Guidelines (HIG).
Iceweasel is a rebranding of Mozilla Firefox. It is essentially Firefox but without the non-free components such as images and plug-ins. The rebranding is currently taking place as two independent projects. One is part of the Gnuzilla project, a GNU project to provide versions of Mozilla programs using entirely free software. The other is a rebranded build prepared by Debian. The two projects might merge in the future.
Please be advised if you have a bug in Iceweasel, because it is not provided by a supported Ubuntu repository, the Ubuntu project is unable to provide support or a fix. If you want support, you may want to use firefox.
KDE's advanced file manager, web browser and document viewer. Konqueror is an Open Source web browser that supports the current web standards.
Lynx and Links are character-based web browsers that can be run inside a terminal or on the console.
- Lynx - a pure character-based web browser that only supports text browsing. Package "lynx".
- Links - provides the same character-based web browsing as Lynx, however it also can be run in graphical mode to support the viewing of images. Package "links" in universe repository.
- ELinks - many improvements over LInks. Package "elinks".
A fast, lightweight graphical web browser based on WebKit. Often used with the Xfce desktop environment. Package "midori" in the Universe repository
Opera claims to not only to be the fastest web browser but also to be the most powerful web browser available. Opera supports many more web standards than other browsers, for example animated SVG. Opera is available free of charge and without ads.
Please be advised if you have a bug in Opera, because it is not provided by a supported Ubuntu repository, the Ubuntu project is unable to provide support or a fix.
SeaMonkey is the continuation of the Mozilla Internet Suite, which includes a web browser, a WYSIWYG HTML editor, a mail and news client, an address book, and an IRC client. SeaMonkey Web Brower features tabbed browsing and is based off the Mozilla Engine.
11.10 (Oneiric): It is named "SeaMonkey" again; and is available in the universe repository. Install seamonkey for the full suite or seamonkey-browser for just the browser.
- It is no longer available in Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise).
Setting Default Browser
In the command line, type sudo update-alternatives --config x-www-browser
A list of installed browsers will be displayed with a different number next to each browser. Type the number corresponding to the browser of your choice.